Crude Conservation
This image is an advertisement from Life Magazine in 1962 created by the Humble Oil Company. It, without irony, describes how Humble produces enough power everyday to melt glaciers. 

My manuscript project builds on work done in my dissertation, “Crude Conservation: Nature, Pollution, and Technology at Standard Oil’s New Jersey Refineries, 1870-1980s,” which investigates the complex history of petroleum refining. I explore how two of Standard Oil’s refineries – located in Bayonne and Linden, New Jersey, and operated for over a hundred years each – contributed significantly to the changes wrought by oil.

American Energy Cinema
Marlon Brando and George C. Scott starred in the 1980 film "The Formula."

I am co-editing a collection of essays, alongside historians Robert Lifset and Sarah Stanford-McIntyre, titled American Energy Cinema. The project investigates how Hollywood films are representative of America's energy history. The essays work to rectify the notion that energy history belongs in the material realm of policy, production, and extraction, and builds on interdisciplinary work done in energy humanities that address how energy consumption has shaped American popular culture and political reality. American Energy Cinema is under contract with the University of West Virginia Press.