The above image is a sketch image of a section of Witold Gordon's mural. Image Courtesy of the New York Public Library. 

"Still Life with Vitamins: Art and Science at the 1939 New York World's Fair" Environmental History  21, 2 (April 2016), 365-378.


At the 1939 New York World’s Fair, artist Witold Gordon created a mural depicting common foods such as dairy, fruits, vegetables, and seafood on the exterior of the main food exhibition hall. Alongside the foods of the mural, Gordon painted vitamins in little circles and letters. This essay argues that the inclusion of vitamins in the mural illustrates a moment when nutritional science was becoming an important way of understanding the relationship between food and health. To do this conceptual work, Gordon played with abstraction and painterly styles to create a scene that both emulated the scientific message of the fair and depicted reverence toward nature as a guiding force in human life. The end result was an optimistic still-life mural that demonstrated the effort to popularize scientific ideas about vitamins and nutrition to the American public in the 1930s.

An 1897 image of the Carpenter Brother's quarry roughly located where the George Washington Bridge currently stands.

"Petroleum's Park: How Oil Shaped the Palisades, 1900-1960" forthcoming in the October 2020 issue of Technology and Culture


"Petroleum's Park" investigates the history of the Palisades Interstate Park in order to demonstrate one the complicated ways the use of oil has reshaped American society and its landscapes. The Palisades are cliffs along the western shore of the Hudson River, across from New York City and parts of Westchester County, New York. From the very beginning of the park's history, park development at the Palisades focused on building roads specifically for cars. Philanthropists, park authorities, and public planners in the region all believed that the park should contain a large automobile parkway, where drivers could take in the scenery from the comfort of their car. "Petroleum's Park" will be published in the October 2020 issue of Technology and Culture